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Bridge Conventions

Puppet Stayman

This bid is used after an opening bid of 2NT showing 20-22 points where it can have a 5 card major. It’s used to find a 5-3 or 4-4 fit in the majors.

3♣ is puppet Stayman with the following responses.

BidMeaning
3I have at least one 4 card Major
3I have a 5 card heart suit
3♠I have a 5 card spade suit
3NTI don’t have a 4 or 5 card major.

Continuation after 3

BidMeaning
3I have a 4 card spade suit (this is not a mis-print)
3♠I have a 4 card heart suit
3NTTo play
4♣Both majors with slam interest
4Both majors no slam interest

For most people that’s enough information for you to use the system to find the right game contract. If you want to know more then read on…

Let’s look at the continuations to possible slam…

Continuations after 4♣

BidMeaning
4RKCB in hearts
4To play – bottom end of your hand
4♠To play – bottom end of your hand
4NTRKCB in spades

Continuations after opener has a 5 card heart suit

BidMeaning
3♠Slam try in hearts
4♣Natural Slam try in Clubs
4Natural Slam try in diamonds
4NTRKCB for hearts or quantitative in hearts (make sure you agree)

Continuations after opener has a 5 card spade suit

BidMeaning
4♣Natural Slam try in Clubs
4Natural Slam try in diamonds
4Slam try in spades
4NTRKCB for hearts or quantitative in hearts (make sure you agree)

After a 3NT response

BidMeaning
4♣Natural Slam try in Clubs
4Natural Slam try in diamonds

Opener bids 4NT to sign off or bids 4 over 4♣ to look for slam in diamonds. Responder bids a major to show interest in slam in diamonds or bids 4NT to sign off.

It’s really critical you discuss this as a lot of people play this the wrong way and as soon as they here 4NT they start answering RKCB…you shouldn’t play it this way in the minors…use the majors to agree a minor slam interest.

Take a look at this puppet stayman video to see it in action.

Also when you’ve mastered puppet stayman….take a look at muppet stayman which is a more advanced system.

Lavings

The Lavings convention is a simple way of asking for 5 card majors after partner has opened a strong or weak NT.

After an opening 1NT Bid and 2♣ Response

So it’s important to known you can only bid 2♣ with invitational hands.

BidMeaning
2Minimum no 5 card Major
2Minimum 5 card hearts
2♠Minimum 5 card spades
2NTMaximum no 5 card suit
3♣Maximum 5 card club suit
3Maximum 5 card diamond suit
3Maximum 5 card heart suit
3♠Maximum 5 card spade suit

Continuations after 2

So after 1NT – 2♣ – 2 uninterrupted

2Meaning
25 card suit non-forcing
2♠5 card suit non-forcing
2NTTo Play
3♣Promissory 4 card Stayman
33 Card Stayman
3Shows 5 spades and 4 Hearts
3♠Shows 5 hearts and 4 Spades

Continuations after 2NT

So after 1NT – 2♣ – 2NT uninterrupted. 3♣ would be promissory Stayman and a bid of 3 would ask for a 3 card major.

Some Examples

Let’s look at some examples of strong and Weak NT openers.

a)b)c)d)
♠ AQ1083
K8
KJ7
♣ A97
♠ AJ53
J54
QJ72
♣ K7
♠ KJ4
K108
AQ762
♣ A7
♠ KJ862
42
KQ7
♣ AJ10
♠ 954
A74
Q8543
♣ K3
♠ Q73
KQ973
A65
♣ 43
♠ Q72
AQ962
93
♣ 953
♠ Q73
KQ973
A65
♣ 43
e)f)g)h)
♠ AQ862
42
KQ7
♣ KJ10
♠ KJ82
42
KQ7
♣ AJ107
♠ KJ8
42
KQJ7
♣ A1092
♠ KJ62
42
KQ7
♣ AJ107
♠ J73
K10973
43
♣ A65
♠ Q763
KQ93
A65
♣ 43
♠ Q763
KQJ3
1073
♣ K5
♠ Q1073
KQ73
A65
♣ 43
i)
♠ K82
AQJ6
A982
♣ K8
♠ AJ943
1094
QJ3
♣ A7

The Bidding

a) 1NT (15-17) – 2♣ – 3♠ – 4♠

So the 3♠ shows a maximum and you simply raise it to 4♠

b) 1NT (12-14) – 2♣ – 2 – 2

Partner has invitational 5 card heart suit but after just bidding 2 you can pass this even with 3 card support.

c) 1NT (15 – 17) – 2♣ – 3 – 3 – 4

The original NT bidder is maximum with a 5 card diamond suit. You now bid your 5 card heart suit (game forcing) which gets supported to 4.

d) 1NT (12 – 14) – 2♣ – 3♠ – 4♠

The original NT bidder is maximum with a 5 card spade suit. You now bid 4♠.

e) 1NT (15-17) – 2♣ – 2♠

So the 2♠ shows a minimum with 5 spades which you can just pass.

f) 1NT (12-14) – 2♣ – 2NT – 3♣ – 3♠ – 4♠

2NT shows a maximum without any 5 card suit. 3♣ is promissory Stayman (it guarantees a 4 card major) and partner bids 3♠ which then gets raised to 4♠.

g) 1NT (12 – 14) – 2♣ – 2NT – 3♣ – 3 – 3NT

The 2NT shows a maximum without any 5 card suit. 3♣ is promissory Stayman (it guarantees a 4 card major) and partner bids 3 which denies a 4 card major. 3NT is then bid.

h) 1NT (12 – 14) – 2♣ – 2NT – 3♣ – 3 – 3NT – 4♠

The 2NT shows a maximum without any 5 card suit. 3♣ is promissory Stayman (it guarantees a 4 card major) and partner bids 3. 3NT is bid as you don’t like hearts and partner converts to the known 4-4 spade fit and bids 4♠.

g) 1NT (15 – 17) – 2♣ – 2NT – 3 – 3 – 3NT – 4♠

The 2NT shows a maximum without any 5 card suit. 3 asks for a 3 card major (should guarantee a 5 card major) and partner bids 3. 3NT is bid which partner can either pass or bid 4♠ if they have 3 card spade support.

So that’s how to play the Lavings bidding convention….a five card major ask after an opening 1NT.

Michael’s Cue Bid

The Michael’s cue bid is a very popular bidding convention to show distributional hands…hands usually with at least 55 shapes (5521).

This Michael’s cue bid is usually used in the direct position, i.e., immediately after an opponent has made their bid.

All these direct overcall bids are known as Michael’s cue-bids:-

Opening BidDirect OvercallShows
1♣2♣5+ hearts and 5+ Spades
125+ hearts and 5+ Spades
125+ spades and 5+ unspecified minor
1♠2♠5+ hearts and 5+ unspecified minor

For example if your right-hand opponent opened 1and you bid 2, your 2 call would be a Michael’s cue-bid. This would show at least 5 spades and at least 5 card in either clubs or diamonds.

If your right-hand opponent opened 1♠ and you bid 2♠, your 2♠ call would be a Michael’s cue-bid. This would show at least 5 hearts and at least 5 card in either clubs or diamonds.

Better still if your right-hand opponent opened 1♣ or 1 and you bid the Michael’s cue-bid.

This would specifically show 5-5 (or longer) in the majors. This is better for you as you know exactly what two suits partner has.

What about points?

So that’s the shapes and the suits…but what values should you have for the bid?

Typically I imagine a hand like:

♠ KQ1072
KQ1073
4
♣ 75

You can play several methods but usually either a weak hand (say, 6 to 11 points) or a strong hand (a good 15 or more high-card points). Hands with intermediate strength should simply overcall at the one level, with the hope that the second suit can be shown later in the auction. Why do this? It’s to give partner some indication of our strength and involve him in the decision process as to how high we compete (sacrifice).

Responding to the Michael’s cue bid

So after 1♣ – 2♣ showing at least 5 / 5 in the majors….

ResponseMeaning
2Natural, good diamond suit (usually 6+) Non-forcing.
2Sign-off…may be equal length as spades.
2♠Sign-off…must be longer in spades than hearts though.
2NTNatural and invites partner to bid 3NT
3♣Artificial, game / slam interest in hearts or spades. Forcing.
3A very strong diamond suit (6+ cards). Forcing
3Preemptive, usually with 4 hearts
3♠Preemptive, usually with 4 spades
3NTTo Play

So after 1 – 2 showing at least 5 / 5 in the majors….

ResponseMeaning
2Sign-off…may be equal length as spades.
2♠Sign-off…must be longer in spades than hearts though.
2NTNatural and invites partner to bid 3NT
3♣Natural usually shows 6+ cards. Non-Forcing
3Artificial, game / slam interest in hearts or spades. Forcing.
3Preemptive, usually with 4 hearts
3♠Preemptive, usually with 4 spades
3NTTo Play

So after 1 – 2 showing at least 5 spades and a minor suit as of yet unspecified.

ResponseMeaning
2♠Sign-off.
2NTAsks for the minor
3♣Natural usually shows 6+ cards. Non-Forcing
3Natural usually shows 6+ cards. Non-Forcing
3Forcing
3♠Preemptive, usually with 4 spades
3NTTo Play

So after 1♠ – 2♠ showing at least 5 hearts and a minor suit as of yet unspecified.

ResponseMeaning
2NTAsks for the minor
3♣Natural usually shows 6+ cards. Non-Forcing
3Natural usually shows 6+ cards. Non-Forcing
3Preemptive, usually with 4 hearts
3♠Forcing…usually slam interest in hearts.
3NTTo Play

Bidding in 4th position

You can also use it to show 5 / 5 in the other two suits like:

NorthEastSouthWest
1♣Pass1♠2♣*

Now the 2C bid shows 5 /5 in diamonds and hearts.

OR…..

NorthEastSouthWest
1♣Pass12♣*

Now the 2C bid shows 5 /5 in diamonds and spades.

You could also have a different meaning for the other cue-bid:-

OR…..

NorthEastSouthWest
1♣Pass12*

Now the 2 bid shows 5 /5 in diamonds and spades….but a stronger hand 15+

Another alternative….

NorthEastSouthWest
1♣Pass12*

Now the 2 bid could show longer spades than diamonds at least 6/5. This is because you have bid the higher cue-bid.

And now….

NorthEastSouthWest
1♣Pass12♣*

Now the 2♣ bid could show longer diamonds than spades at least 6/5. This is because you have bid the lower cue-bid.

So the Michael’s cue bid is a great way of letting your partner know your shape using just one bid….of course it does tell the opponents as well which means they might stop out of a game if they know the splits are bad. Quite often these bids can be used to find a good sacrifice.

Make sure you have an agreement with your partner…like I said a common one is to show the hand as either weak OR strong.

Alternatively you can play a bidding convention called CRO (Colour/Rank/Other). Using the CRO bidding convention you can specify what the other minor is.

Kokish Relay

After a strong 2♣ and 2 relay (waiting bid). Now the 2 bid forces 2♠. Now the 2NT bid shows 25+ points if the bid of 2NT shows 23-24 points.

Partnerships can have different points holding for 2NT openers so make sure you have a partnership agreement as some people play 20-21 2NT openers.

Let’s look at some examples of 2♣ openers using kokish relays :-

a)b)c)d)
♠ AK
AJ10
AQ532
♣ AK7
♠ AKJ5
AQ9
A87
♣ AK5
♠ AQ10
AK
QJ104
♣ AQJ10
♠ Q103
AQJ
AQJ
♣ AK96
♠ QJ732
98765
5
♣ 42
♠ 107
K108632
K52
♣ 43
♠ 7432
543
987
♣ 973
♠ KJ954
42
1074
♣ 743

a) 2♣ – 2 – 2NT – 3♣ – 3 – 4 – 4.

The 2NT bid shows 25+ points. partner bids muppet stayman and the 3 response denies a 4 card major. Partner bids 4 to show 5-5 in the majors and 4 is reached.

b) 2♣ – 2 – 2NT – 4♣ – 4 – 4NT – 5♣ – 5 – 6 – 6NT

The 2NT bid shows 25+ points. Partner bids a two under slam try 4♣ and partner accepts with a cue bid of 4. Partner does a quick check for keycards and decides 6NT is a better contract.

c) 2♣ – 2 – 2 – 2♠ – 2NT – All Pass

The 2NT bid shows 23-24points.

d) 2♣ – 2 – 2 – 2♠ – 2NT – 3♣ – 3 – 3NT – 4♠

The 2NT bid shows 23-24 points. 3♣ is muppet stayman, 3 denies a 4 card major, 3NT shows a 5 card major and partner bids 4♠.

The kokish relay is a useful system for keeping the bidding at 2NT when you have these 25+ point holding allowing partner to investigate major holdings below the 3NT level. The disadvantage of this system is in order to agree hearts you can end up bidding 4H…

2♣ – 2 – 2 – 2♠ – 3 – ? harder to agree hearts without signing off in 4

Where the bidding previously may have preceded with….

2♣ – 2♦ – 2 – 3 – now can look for a slam in hearts more comfortably

So it’s up to you if you want to play the Kokish relay system…how often do you pick up 25 counts?

Multi Landy

Multi-Landy is a convention used after the opponents open 1NT. It gets its name from the use of the Landy 2♣ overcall and the Multi 2 convention. One purpose is to more precisely identify major-suit fits.

The conventional calls over 1NT are as follows.

BidsMeaning
DoublePenalty 15+points (particularly against a weak 1NT).
Against a Strong NT it shows a 4-card major with a longer minor. Double after passing shows a 4-card major with a longer minor.
2♣At least 5-4 or 4-5 in hearts and spades. 8-15 points
25+ hearts or 5+ spades (no side suit). 8-15 points
2At least 5-4 in hearts and a minor. 8-15 points
2♠At least 5-4 in spades and a minor. 8-15 points
2NTAt least 5-5 in clubs and diamonds. 8-15 points

Minimum points usually at favourable vulnerability or/and when 55 or 6 card suits…don’t bid vulnerable with garbage!

Some example hands that might use this convention are:

1)2)3)4)
♠ AQ102
K10963
4
♣ K75
♠ KQ10942
A8
842
♣ 75
♠ 6
KQ1063
AJ1085
♣ Q7
♠ KJ763
8
♦ AQ109
♣ Q76
5)6)
♠ 9
84
AQ1085
♣ KJ763
♠ AQ
K98
QJ1095
♣ KJ8
  • Hand 1 would bid 2♣ showing at least 5-4 in the majors
  • Hand 2 would bid 2 showing a 5+ major without a second suit.
  • Hand 3 would bid 2 showing 5 hearts and a minor suit.
  • Hand 4 would bid 2♠ showing 5 spades and a minor suit.
  • Hand 5 would bid 2NT showing 5-5the minors
  • Hand 6 would simply double against a weak NT for penalties

Responses to the Double showing a minor and a major

ResponseMeaning
2♣Shows club tolerance and willingness to play in clubs. Partner can pass with long clubs, or bid 2D without clubs.
2An artificial bid asks partner to bid their major suit.
2Natural, 6+ hearts, non-forcing.
2♠Natural, 6+ spades, non-forcing.
2NTArtificial, forcing. Asks the over caller to clarify their major holding.
3♣ – Shows 4 hearts, max strength.
3 – Shows 4 spades, max strength.
3 – Shows 4 hearts, min strength.
3♠ – Shows 4 spades, min strength.
3♣Natural, 6+ good clubs, non-forcing.
3Natural, 6+ good diamonds, non-forcing.
3Pre-emptive or Good suit maybe 7 card suit.
3♠Pre-emptive or Good suit maybe 7 card suit.
3NTTo play

Responses to the 2C Overcall

The 2♣ overcall shows at least 5-4 in the majors.

ResponseMeaning
PassNatural, 6+ good clubs
2An artificial bid asks partner to bid their major suit.
2Natural sign-off, showing a preference for hearts even if partner is 5-4.
2♠Natural sign-off, showing a preference for spades even if partner is 5-4.
2NTArtificial, forcing. Asks the over caller to clarify their major holding.
3♣ – Shows 5 hearts, max strength.
3 – Shows 5 spades, max strength.
3 – Shows 5 hearts, min strength.
3♠ – Shows 5 spades, min strength.
Natural, 6+ good clubs, non-forcing.
3♣Natural, 6+ good clubs, non-forcing.
3Natural, 6+ good diamonds, non-forcing.
3Pre-emptive
3♠Pre-emptive
3NTTo play

Responses to the 2D Overcall

The 2 overcall shows a single suited major.

ResponseMeaning
2Natural, 6+ good diamonds
2Natural signoff if over caller has hearts. However, this bid may also be made with game-invitational values in spades. If over caller corrects to 2♠, then partner is allowed to raise or bid something else to show a good raise in spades.
2♠Natural signoff if over caller has spades. However, this also shows a good raise in hearts. If over caller has hearts they bid 3 with a minimum and bid a feature with a maximum…or can bid 4 direct.
2NTArtificial, forcing. Asks the over caller to clarify their major holding.
3♣ – Shows 5 hearts, max strength.
3 – Shows 5 spades, max strength.
3 – Shows 5 hearts, min strength.
3♠ – Shows 5 spades, min strength.
3♣Natural, 6+ good clubs, non-forcing.
3Natural, 6+ good diamonds, non-forcing.
3Natural, 6+ good hearts, non-forcing.
3♠Natural, 6+ good spades, non-forcing.
3NTTo play

Responses to the 2H Overcall

2 shows a 5 card major and at least a four card minor.

ResponseMeaning
PassThis is where we play
2♠Natural, 5+ good spades, no heart support, non-forcing.
2NTArtificial, forcing. Asks the over caller to clarify their minor holding.
3♣ – Shows 4+ clubs, min strength.
3 – Shows 4+ diamonds, min strength.
3 – Shows 4+ clubs, max strength.
3♠ – Shows 4+ diamonds, max strength.
3♣Asks partner to pass or correct to 3
3Good raise in hearts
3Pre-emptive raise
3♠Natural, 6+ good spades, non-forcing.
3NTTo Play
4To Play
4♠To Play

Responses to the 2S Overcall

2♠ shows 5 spades and at least a 4 card minor.

ResponseMeaning
PassThis is where we play
2NTArtificial, forcing. Asks the over caller to clarify their minor holding.
3♣ – Shows 4+ clubs, min strength.
3 – Shows 4+ diamonds, min strength.
3 – Shows 4+ clubs, max strength.
3♠ – Shows 4+ diamonds, max strength.
3♣Asks partner to pass or correct to 3
3Good raise in spades
3Natural, 6+ good hearts, non-forcing.
3♠Pre-emptive raise
3NTTo Play
4To Play
4♠To Play

Responses to the 2NT Overcall

Shows 5/5 in the minors.

BidsMeaning
PassThis is where we play
3♣A weak hand with tolerance for clubs.
3A weak hand with tolerance for diamonds
3Natural, 6+ good hearts, non-forcing.
3♠Natural, 6+ good spades, non-forcing.
3NTTo Play
4♣ / Invitational
4 / ♠4 / ♠
5♣ / To Play

Please note that these notes are merely ideas on how to play this convention…but you can change them how you want. That is one of the main points about complex bridge conventions…that you can change them to how you want to play them…as long as you agree them with your partner…that is the crucial point.

In Competition

Obviously when you overcall 2♣, the opposition might double this contract which might show clubs, they might bid diamonds…so it’s important you have an agreement what double, re-double or 2 means from partner?

I would suggest over 2♣ double, Redouble asks for the longer major and 2 is now natural.

Over a 2 bid double asks partner to bid their longer major.

Support Double

The support double is a double, as the name suggests, which shows just 3 card support for partners bid MAJOR suit. Most partnerships just play this up to the 2 level.

Also if a double is made of partners suit then a re-double by partner also shows 3 card support.

If you are playing support doubles it means that bids of partners suit show 4 card support.

Let’s look at some examples

All of these are example of support doubles.

Auction 1

  • 1♣ – P – 1 – 1♠
  • D*

Shows 3 card heart support

Auction 2

  • 1♣ – 1 – 1 – 2
  • D*

Shows 3 card heart support

Auction 3

  • 1♣ – P – 1♠ – 2
  • D*

Shows 3 card spade support

Auction 4

  • 1♣ – P – 1♠ – 2
  • 2♠

This now shows 4 card support because you didn’t double.

Auction 5

  • 1♣ – P – 1♠ – D
  • RD

The RD doesn’t show extra points it just shows you have an opening hand and you’ve got 3 spades in your hand.

Frivolous 3NT

If we start with an auction with no intervening bidding such as:-

  • 1♠ – 2♣
  • 2♠ – 3♠
  • ?

If we have agreed an 8 card fit in the majors then most of the time it’s going to play better in 4♠, therefore if we give up the 3NT bid as a natural bid, we can use it for something more constructive….The Frivolous 3NT.

Based on the principal of fast arrival 3♠ here can show a better hand. We can now use 3NT as the more useful Frivolous 3NT conventional bid.

So what are the kinds of hand that would bid 3NT, cue bid, or just bid 4♠?

Hands that would bid the Frivolous 3NT

a)b)c)d) We open 1♣
♠ AQ10863
A62
K84
♣ 7
♠ KQ10754
KQ8
3
♣ K65
♠ AKJ1072
108
K2
♣ QJ10
♠ KJ876
K2
K106
♣ KJ
All these Hands bid the Frivolous 3NT

Hands that would Cue Bid

a)b)c)d) We open 1♣
♠ AQ10863
AKQ
Q72
♣ 7
♠ KQ10754
Q8
A72
♣ A5
♠ QJ10972
AK
AQ
♣ Q72
♠ KQJ86
AJ2
K106
♣ A7
All these Hands would cue bid at the lowest available level

Hands that would bid straight to game

a)b)We open 1♣c)We open 1♣d)
♠ KJ10863
KJ
KJ
♣ 732
♠ KQ754
KQ8
Q2
♣ J72
♠ K10972
AK7
Q7
♣ 972
♠ K987432
KQ
QJ
♣ 94
All these Hands would bid straight to game

Which auctions are Frivolous 3NT?

So in all the following Frivolous 3NT applies….

Auction 1

  • 1♠ – 2♣
  • 2♠ – 3♠
  • 3NT

Okay if you cannot spot this as frivolous 3NT you’re in trouble!

Auction 2

  • 1♠ – 2
  • 3 – 3NT

The Frivolous 3NT convention may be used by either partner as this is a 2/1 game forcing auction.

Auction 3

  • 1♠ – 2
  • 3 – 3♠
  • 3NT

Frivolous 3NT may be used after an intervening cue bid.

Auction 4

  • 1♠ – 2♣
  • 3♣ – 3♠
  • 3NT

Frivolous 3NT may be used after an intervening raise of responder.

Auction 5

  • 1♠ – 2
  • 2NT – 3♠
  • 3NT

Frivolous 3NT applies even if opener rebid a natural 2NT as long as the major is raised.

Auction 6

  • 1♠ – 2NT
  • 3♣ – 3
  • 3♠ – 3NT

Frivolous 3NT applies after any game forcing raise of a major, even without a 2/1. Here the responses are to Swedish Jacoby.

What Auctions aren’t frivolous 3NT?

Auction 1

  • 1♠ – 2♣
  • 2♠ – 2NT
  • 3♣ – 3♠
  • 3NT?

Here the 3♠ bid only shows 2 card support so the 3NT can be natural.

Auction 2

  • 1♠ – 2♣
  • 2 – 2♠
  • 3NT?

Jumps to 3NT aren’t frivolous…you can simply cue-bid over 2♠ or bid 3♠

Auction 3

  • 1♠ – 2♣
  • 2 – 3♠
  • 3NT?

3♠ is a strong picture jump raise therefore the Frivolous 3NT is not needed when the partnership is already known to be in the slam zone. This could be a case of wanting partner to cue bid 4♣ before you bid 4

Auction 4

  • 1♠ – 2
  • 3♠ – 3NT

The 3♠ bid is similar to the last auction is a strong picture jump suit rebid setting the suit.
Frivolous 3NT is not needed since the partnership is already known to be in the slam zone.

Auction 5

  • 1♠ – 1NT
  • 2♣ – 3♠
  • 3NT

Since the 3♠ is a 3-card limit raise. Here the Frivolous 3NT is off since responder’s 3♠ raise did not create a game force.

Well I hope that wets your appetite!

Picture Jumps

Picture jumps are used in the 2/1 bidding system.

If we start with an auction, with no intervening bidding such as:-

  • 1♠-2♣
  • 2 -?

So here we can bid 2♠ / 3♠ / 4♠ to show different kinds of holdings.

Firstly 2♠

A hand such as:

  • ♠ K107
  • K5
  • K76
  • ♣ KJ973

The two spade bid shows 3 card spade support but also denies holding a good 5 card club suit and good spades now making slam less likely.

Secondly 3♠

A hand such as:

  • ♠ KQ7
  • A5
  • 876
  • ♣ AKJxx

This raise shows good trump support, a good club suit and an outside control in one of the red suits.

And Finally 4♠

A hand such as:

  • ♠ KQ7
  • 65
  • J76
  • ♣ AKJxx

This shows excellent trump support and a great club support but no controls in the other suits.

By having all these different bids set in stone opener is more likely to know whether to go for a slam or not.

RKC Minorwood

RKC Minorwood is a bridge convention which looks for all the keycards in a minor suit at a lower level that the normal 4NT RKCB

If you play inverted minors for example then the sequences will fit into this system:

1♣-2♣-4♣

So here 4♣ is RKC minorwood and the responses are:-

  • 4 – 1/4 Keycards
  • 4 – 0/3 Keycards
  • 4♠ – 2 Keycards
  • 4NT – 2Keycards + Queen of clubs

A Next suit bid up would ask for the Queen of clubs.

A 4NT bid would be a sign off and a 5 would be the specific king ask…where the response are to cue bid your kings or bid the king you haven’t got if you have 2 kings. Here you can use hearts as diamonds, spades as hearts and NT’s as spades.

So a 5NT bid would show the king of spades or the King of diamonds and hearts.

1-2-4

So here 4 is RKC minorwood

  • 4 – 1/4 Keycards
  • 4♠ – 0/3 Keycards
  • 4NT – 2 Keycards
  • 5♣ – 2Keycards + Queen of diamonds

A Next suit bid up would ask for the Queen of trumps

A 4NT bid would be a sign off and a 5♣/ would be the specific king ask…where the response are to cue bid your kings or bid the king you haven’t got if you have 2 kings.

If you bid 5 to ask for kings…then you need to use spades as clubs, NT as diamonds and clubs as hearts.

So a 5♠ bid would show the king of clubs or the King of hearts and king of spades.

Inverted Minors

Again this is another bridge convention that people play in different ways…so you really need to make sure that you and your partner are playing it the same way before you agree to play inverted minors.

This version i’m going to describe I play with a prepared club (might only be a 2 card suit) and a 5 card diamond suit (unbalanced) with a strong NT.

So the whole point of inverted minors are that the 2♣ and 2 bid replace the 3♣ and 3 bids in normal Acol. In simplistic terms at least. However there is more complexity to it than that….

Let’s start with 1♣ – 2♣

This shows 10+ points, a 5 card club suit and is forcing to 2NT or 3♣.

  • 2 = 18-19 points and a 3+ card club suit
  • 2 = A heart stop, and possibly no spade stop or getting ready to show a 5 card suit.
  • 2♠ = A spade stop, and possibly no heart stop or getting ready to show a 5 card spade suit.
  • 2NT – stops in both major less that 15 points
  • 3♣ = I’ve got Clubs and a weak hand.
  • 3//♠ = Splinters
  • 3NT = 18/19 points with only a doubleton Club
  • 4♣ = RKC Minorwood

1 – 2

This shows 10+ points, a 4 card diamond suit and is forcing to 2NT or 3.

  • 2 = A heart stop, and possibly no spade stop or getting ready to show a 5 card suit.
  • 2♠ = A spade stop, and possibly no heart stop or getting ready to show a 5 card spade suit.
  • 2NT – stops in both major less that 15 points
  • 3♣ = 18-19 points 4+ ‘s (could be 4441)
  • 3 = Minimum hand with diamonds
  • 3 /♠ = Splinters
  • 3NT = 18/19 points with exactly 4441 shape
  • 4♣ = Splinter
  • 4 = RKC Minorwood

1 Minor – 3 Minor

This is now straightforward – 5-9 points and shows a 5 card club suit and a 4+ card diamond support

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